The gender perspective of migration is important to include in the discussion of gains and losses caused by migration. Women in diaspora, and female migrants in general, are more vulnerable to discrimination and abuse than their male counterparts. Yet, they take greater responsibility than men for providing basic needs, support and interpersonal bounds for their family members, including their children – thus the future generation – which in a further perspective spurs the development of whole societies.
Gender & Migration
For female diasporas and migrants, life in diaspora could be either a struggle, as discussed further down, or a relief if the place of destination is less patriarchal than the place of origin. Among world's (international) migrants about half consists of women. As women, they are important to lift up to the limelight as a vital group mainly for two reasons.
The first reason is that female migrants- and diasporas tend to invest more resources for the support of their families in both host- and origin countries, while less resources on unessential goods and living than men do. Women in general are shouldering the greatest responsibility for the domestic workload, thus they give priority to taking care of every day life and challenges, including providing their families with basic needs and establishing and maintaining interpersonal bounds. Their effort range even further than supporting their families where they are living their life, as women in diaspora tend to remitt more money, than men, back to their families left behind.
"Diasporas can be an important source of trade, capital, technology, and knowledge for countries of origin and destination."
/The World Bank
In gender-neutral and none (less) patriarchal host countries, where women are not (less) discriminated and abused, the decisions and endeavors of female diasporas and immigrants should reach stronger result as their conditions to decide and govern their moves are more supported.
Secondly, female migrants- and diasporas are more vulnerable to discrimination and abuse than men. Quite often, discrimination, abuse and exploatation is common among women of minorities (so as the case with children), especially among refugee women and women living a paperless life without protection. People of ethnic minorities are already more exposed to discrimination as such – with less advantages than majority populations – which leaves women of ethnic minorities as most exposed.
Women in general take greater responsibility, than men, for nursing their families. Their effort equips their family members with tools to achieve individual development, which in a further stage, boosts national development and growth. But, as the most significant group for development and growth of the lives of individuals, and of whole societies, they are also the most exposed one. Hence, they are constantly oppressed from both the inside and outside their communities of living, and during their journeys.
Women’s (and girls’) rights are indeed worth to invest in, for preserving Human Rights towards a sustainable future. Investing in gender equality, and with greatest concern also of women in diaspora and female migrants in general, should be a top priority throughout all socities, towards empowering women, but as a result also for boosting whole societies. Thus, gender – as for ethnic background – shouldn’t limit you!
- Rise awareness about the importance of women (notably in migrant- and diaspora communities), and of the effects altered from gender inequality
- Level up the work of protecting and empowering women and girls in migrant- and diaspora communities
- Improve collaboration & joint responsibitity-taking