For most of us, claiming our rights to obtain a livable everyday life, with a stable future, comes natural. Most of the people in high income countries are secured by citizenship and their right to security and "freedom" is backed up with laws. But for those with a different (migrant) background (diasporas) or ethnic belonging, the right to a stable livelihood and future may not come natural. In fact, many people with migrant backhround and of ethnic minority struggles towards reaching same possibilities as those of majority populations.
Migration & Human rights
Migrants, while on their move towards reaching new pastures, are as such already vulnerable to human rights violations. Once (if) they've reached their country of destination, their condition as vulnerable may shift but most probably only ahead of new dilemmas.
Even though the countries involved, such as transit and host countries, may have adopted some kind of protection for migrants, migrants' actual possibillity to claim any rights comes gently due to difficulties to enter society . Deep rooted discriminating attitudes against migrants and people of foreign background in general in host- and transit countries are quite common, not at least in many high-income host countries.
The trend of approaching strategies to limit migrants' rights could be seen all over the globe. In Europe this is evident in how far-right groups spread rapidly and take larger role in the political institutions, the US – already known of deep-rooted social conservatistic values – is taking on tougher border policies in the wake of nationalistic attitudes of current administration, and frequently we can read about people fleeing because of ethnic genosides taking place where the victims' rights are violated even in front of the UN and the world media.
"All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act Towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth In this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as Race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, National or social origin, property, birth or other status. […]"
/Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Articles 1 and 2 UN General Assembly, 10 December 1948
The member states of the UN body are committed to respect and apply even the international human rights law. The international human rights law goes beyond the protection of member states' own citizens, to include "everyone within the State’s jurisdiction or effective control". The international mandate of the UN is strongly acknowledged troughout the world, but still its advantage is not applied by everyone – and is constantly challenged both from the outside and inside. The work of Non govermental organizations and Civil society organizations is of great importance to aware on missconditions.
The protection of migrants' rights is a core task to fulfil but must be accompanied by vigorous efforts for combating racism, xenophobia and discrimination of minority groups. Too reach any success it is vital that governments (of host-, origin- and transit countries) and civil society organizations collaborates fully to ensure awareness and implementation of human rights laws. Special focus must be put on most valuable groups such as child- and female migrants.
- Hightlight and stress the importance of the content of the Universal Declaration of Human rights
- Aware of human rights violations & take action
- Combat racism, xenophobia & discrimination
- Improve collaboration & joint responsibitity-taking