Technology can not only widen the possibilities for migrants to benefit their societies of origin, including their families left behind. For the event of migration in human beings technology can be used as an enabler and a comfort as it can provoke trends of tendency to migrate, constitute a tool for migrants to plan and perform their steps, and as to communicate their steps and needs. Technology can be used to provoke awareness and protection of migrants' rights, but on the contrary also as a mean to restrict migration trends.
Technology & Migration
Technological progresses, and as a result increased global awareness, has taken the migration progress to a new level where migrants and diasporas have more opportunities to be aware of changes, and to be part of- and influence those changes. They are favoured with refined possibilities to be aware of the situation in their countries of origin, but also with more opportunities to actually contribute and favour the situation of their countries of origin as well as - for which their contributions many times are targeted - for their families still there.
There are both positive and negative implications of technology in the lives of migrants. In terms of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), expanded and more convenient forms of communication technologies has merged the dimensions of "global" and "local" ("Glocal world"). Today it is easier being a "global citizen" as gaps between places and cultures has become shorter by the means of technologies. Nevertheless, states' and regimes' possibilities to monitor and control as to restrict population movement has also become easier. Technology is used, e. g. to identify and track migrant individuals as to "protect" the territories of states and unions from unwanted immigration. Also, as the Internet could be used as an exeptional source of information, and thus as an important tool for (future) migrants to plan and master their steps and for keeping in touch with their families, some regimes restricts their citizens partly or fully from accessing the Internet.
"Diasporas can be an important source of trade, capital, technology, and knowledge for countries of origin and destination."
/The World Bank
Technological progresses are closely linked with economy, and as for the gap between poor- and rich countries, technology can either help widen or reducing this gap. Consequently, technology may stimulate migration of people as it provokes either improvement or loss in economy and wealth. As a result it could amount to either a higher or lower level of tendency to migrate.
Technology, by various channels, can simplify the means people use to plan and fulfill their movement, as well as for human- and migrants' rights groups and entities to reach out and provoke awareness and protection of migrants' rights. Therefor, technology can play an important role in promoting fair migration for the benefit of all.
Technology can either help or worsen the situation for migrants. The main difficulty consists in being able to influence the views of single states and unions on the benefits of not restricting migration, and to influence the political playground towards limiting the use of technological alternatives applied to restrict migration.
Human- and migrants' rights groups play a vital role here as for their commitment to influence decisions of states and unions, to promote fair migration and human rights in general and to observe and aware of human rights violations. States and unions should collaborate fully with human- and migrants' rights groups towards best practice how to benefit from migration, thus in the technological approach towards maximizing the use of technology to gain from migration.
- Improve knowledge about the benefits of migration & ways to gain from migration by the use of technology
- Improve collaboration with human- and migrants' rights groups towards promoting fair migration & end of human rights violations